Manual - Stress First Aid for Firefighters and Emergency Medical Services Personnel

Stress First Aid (SFA) is a set of supportive actions designed to help emergency responders assist each other in reducing the negative impacts of stress. This version of SFA was adapted from the Combat and Operational Stress First Aid model, designed specifically to support firefighters, EMS, and rescue personnel. SFA includes instruction for peers and mentors on understanding stress, recognizing how stress manifests in thoughts, words, and actions, and delivering the “Seven C’s” of Stress First Aid (Check, Coordinate, Cover, Calm, Connect, Competence, Confidence) to each other. This method of assisting a co-worker undergoing stress is practical, flexible, and can be tailored to the specific need.

Manual - Combat and Operational Stress First Aid: Caregiver Training Manual

The continuum can be used a self-assessment tool, in order to provide those affected by single incident or cumulative stress to detect early and late changing reactions caused by overwhelming stress.

Continuing Education - Disaster Psychological First Aid

A modular approach for all-comers to respond to overwhelming traumatic stress by re-establishing safety and decreasing arousal at the time of the stressful event in order to mitigate the formation of stress injuries. This intervention is supportive, intuitive and can be used by everyone to support folks in their own recovery when exposed to significant and near miss events.
Although the term is not new, psychological first aid was first established as a national intervention by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network in Partnership with the Center for PTSD. This collaboration was the first to offer a certification for those responding to disaster.

Lecture - Anxiety, Panic and PTSD

Laura McGladery speaks at the NOLS Summit, sharing the "Expedition Toolkit" to acknowledge and manage anxiety, panic and PTSD symptoms  in the wilderness

Peer Reviewed Article - 5 Elements of Psychological First Aid: Hobfol, et al

Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, Vol. 70, Iss. 4

Once the foundations of practice had been established, other major agencies and entities followed suit. Combat and Operational Stress First Aid was built on these same 5 elements to be used in theater and represented a significant innovation in regards to implementation of a practical intervention that could be used for the individual and group following significant and near-miss events to mitigate the effects of traumatic stress on the soldiers in combat.

Article - Psychological treatments That Cause Harm

Perspectives on Psychological Science 2007 2: 53 DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00029.x

A review of CISD

Website - S.O.A.R. Survivors of Outdoor Adventures and Recovery

SOAR was created to provide resources and education to support survivors  in a healthy life after accidents, by self care,  staying connected to their communities, and continuing to participate in their adventures.

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